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๐Ÿ–๏ธSandpaper ๐Ÿ”ข Numbers (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math 101 ๐ŸŽฅ Series ๐ŸŽ‡ Curriculum)

Sandpaper Numbers (buy here) is a lesson that is in a math area but is a mixture between the Sensorial area in Montessori classroom and math. Sandpaper numbers are very easy to make at home: all you need is sandpaper, trace numbers, cut them out and glue on a cardstock.

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The purpose of this lesson is for the child to learn the symbol/numeral that represents the number. And what makes this traditional Montessori lesson so special is that the child learns with so many different senses: ๐Ÿ–๏ธ touch, ๐Ÿ‘๏ธsight, ๐Ÿ‘‚hearing, learning the name. First,  the child ๐Ÿ‘๏ธ visually sees the number, the child also develops his/her tactile senses by tracing it: that is feeling it sensorial with touch, and finally, the child learns the name of the symbol of the number.

To introduce the sandpaper numbers to the child, you would start with three numbers at a time (with smaller children you may want to start with just numbers one and two), and you will present a 3๐Ÿ…ฟ๏ธ๐ŸŒ  Three Period Lesson. (For details on Montessori 3๐Ÿ…ฟ๏ธ๐ŸŒ  Three Period Lesson, see a post here.) 

How to present a 3๏ธโƒฃ๐Ÿ…ฟ๏ธ๐ŸŒ Three-Period Lesson: (start with 3 numbers at a time, e.g presenting numbers 1-3):


๐Ÿ”นPeriod 1: choose a number and while tracing that number say: โ€œThis says 1. Would you trace 1?"; "This says 2" ... etc
๐Ÿ”นPeriod 2: "Will you show me 1โ€ฆ2โ€ฆ3 โ€?
๐Ÿ”นPeriod 3: โ€œWhat is this?" 

 This lesson can last a while: start with numbers one and two, and then start adding more numbers as the child gains confidence. If the child loses an interest, simply put away the lesson and come back a few days later.

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Math can be mundane and tedious, so to make an activity fun, I came up with these few extensions that add a "play-and-learn" dimension to the activity.

Silly Numbers Game:

While keeping the numbers visible, add some fun by giving simple directions: put three on your head, turn two upsides down, hide one behind your back etc. This game was a big hit when Adrian was about 2 years of age: he thought the directions were hilarious! 

Another Extension is the game called:  Crazy Mixed Up Numbers:

Take sandpaper numbers one through ten (or just start with one through three) turn numbers upside down and rearrange, mixing them up. Then, invite your child to knock:

"Knock-Knock โ€“ who is there? What is this number?โ€

Once the child turns over the number, invite him/her to name the particular number (resembling of a 3rd Period Lesson). This activity can be modified for older children as well, using larger numbers, like 100, 200, 300 etc.

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I think if you make learning fun, engaging and hands-on,  your child will keep coming back to the lesson: learning effortlessly, with grace, and most importantly, caring on the love of learning.  

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DIY Sandpaper Numbers:

Sandpaper Numbers are also easy to make at home.
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What you will need:

  • green cardstock to resemble the traditional Montessori Sandpaper Numbers
  • sandpaper from your local hardware store,
  • scissors (children are also using a paper cutter for more precision)
  • and glue.

 Having your child make or help you make these DIY Sandpaper NUmbers will only ignite the excitement, promoting interest and engagement.

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 By sensorially feeling the number, the child is able to perceive the symbol through senses other than just visual. 


 

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For more extensions, see here a post "๐Ÿ”ข Number ๐Ÿ“ถ Extensions with sandpaper, sensory tray, marbles, play dough, counters, and spindles." Also, see here a post "Spindle Box & Sandpaper ๐Ÿ”ขNumbers Extensions (Montessori Math).

DSC_0226.JPGSee here Adrian exploring sandpaper numbers at two years old in a post "๐Ÿ–๏ธSandpaper ๐Ÿ”ข Numbers Early Montessori Math."

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"Sandpaper Numbers Extension" post (read here ) offers different ideas on how to use marbles (above) and crayons/chunky wax blocks (below) to keep sandpaper numbers interesting and captivating. 

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And what about painting numbers with water? See below:

DSC_0623See here a post "๐Ÿ’งWater ๐Ÿ–Œ๏ธ Brushing ๐Ÿ”ข Numbers."

For more on Montessori Math Lessons, read here "Early Math" post, which explains briefly which Montessori materials are to be introduced first and in what order.


๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐ŸผAdrian's โœ๏ธ Workbooks Round Up (Montessori ๐Ÿ”  Language & ๐Ÿ”ข Math)

I believe that good habits form good character. So, as part of Adrian's daily routine (he has a schedule, just like Julia), he writes/traces in his workbooks. I would not say that writing is his favorite part of the day (he still likes to play), but it is something he got used to doing, and it is how we start our day. The goal is to keep up child's motivation until the behavior becomes a habit (which could take a couple months). Eventually, the habit becomes automatic (even enjoyable) instead of something you need to force your child to do. To keep up the motivation, I offer Adrian various workbooks and he picks according to the current mood: it can be Numbers tracing, Letters tracing, Logic Thinking Skills Workbook (buy here) or Spatial Reasoning (buy here) and so forth. 

FullSizeRender 3Today, Adrian (46 months) wanted to trace numbers.

I like the way KUMON workbook guides the child from the dot to the star, or if there are more than one lines to draw, the book offers sequentially numbered steps of proper tracing. 

FullSizeRender 4 Buy Numbers workbook that Adrian is writing in here.
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Below, see a link to a video of Adrian writing down solved mathematical equation at 3.5 years old.
DSC_0019See here a video "โœ๐Ÿป๏ธWriting Down Solved Equation (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson)."

DSC_0001See here a video post "Refining Straight Lines in ๐Ÿ”  Uppercase Letter-Writing at 39 months," and here where Adrian was tracing in the same workbook, but a month earlier, at 38 months.

Buy KUMON Uppercase letters here and Lowercase letters workbook here ). 

DSC_0014Also, see here a video post "โœ๏ธTracing ABCs ๐Ÿ‹Animal Flash Cards with a๐Ÿ’งWater ๐Ÿ–‹๏ธ Pen."

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Finally, see below the video of Adrian spontaneously beginning to write his name at 37 months! Before that, he was just doodling.

20161207-DSC_0531See a video here "1๏ธโƒฃ First Time โœ๏ธWriting Own name 'Adrian' at 37 months."

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Adrian also loves his BLUE book below (buy here). For girls, there is a similar PINK book (buy here).

DSC_0373.JPGSee here "A โค๏ธFavorite ๐Ÿ“˜ BLUE Book at 36 months." 

My Brilliantly Blue Sticker book (buy here) has been Adrian's absolute favorite since he was two years old because of the diversity of subjects (e.g. transportation, dinosaurs, farm animals, solar system etc.,) hands-on application and many-many bright blue stickers!

Does your child have a favorite workbook or book?

Download ๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐ŸผAdrian's ๐Ÿ—’ weekly schedule here

p.s. You might also want to check out our "๐Ÿ”  Letter Series (Montessori Language)" posts here which has a lot of links to letter recognition activities we have been doing since Adrian was two years old.


Teen Board Extension with ๐ŸžLadybug Pegs (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math 101 Series ๐ŸŽ‡)

Traditional Montessori materials, especially math materials, facilitate tremendously in the application of abstract concepts like numerals, teens, and ten's with my children. Dr. Maria Montessori envisioned children holding and "feeling" the quantity of, for example, the ten Numerical Rod and really grasping that "10" is BIG and "1" is small (see a post here). Montessori Teen Board (buy Teens & Tens Board set here and the golden beads here) is another ingenious material with presents an abstract concept of teens as concretely as possible with golden ten-bars and color beads. Not only children see how ten and ones are being "built" to make teens via fact families, but they are also physically building teens themselves! 

DSC_0074Today, we are trying an extension to a traditional Montessori Teen board, and instead of using Montessori ๐ŸŒˆcolor beads, we are using ๐Ÿž ladybug pegs (clothespins) to advance fine-motor control and promote color association. And the best part is that you probably already have clothespins on hand ๐Ÿก, and if not, they are very inexpensive to purchase. 

DSC_0074First, a child would color and quantity match pegs to the corresponding flowers/butterflies. DSC_0072

Each ๐ŸŒฑstem is represented by a golden bead ๐Ÿ”Ÿ-bar, so a child has to add the missing number of ๐Ÿžpegs to "build" a teen-number as shown on the board. For example, to build a teen number twelve, a child would add two ๐Ÿž๐Ÿžpegs since the ๐Ÿ”Ÿ-bar is already these as ๐ŸŒฑa stem. 

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Clothespin activities promote ๐Ÿ™Œ๐Ÿปfine motor skills which are essential in developing the strength children would need for many basic skills from ๐Ÿ‘šbuttoning and tying the ๐Ÿ‘Ÿshoe laces to learning how to โœ๐Ÿป๏ธwrite. 

DSC_0074Instead of adding three colored beads to a ten-bar, Adrian adds three๐Ÿž pegs.
DSC_0066Number fifteen has a ten-bar already, so all that is needed are five๐Ÿž pegs.
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As a result of this ๐ŸžPeg ๐Ÿ”ขMath activity, the child is learning number recognition and color association, while building teens and mastering fact families (10+3=13). And most importantly, it is a ๐Ÿ˜€fun way to advance โœ‹๐Ÿปfine-motor control while the child exercises the control and strength of those little โœ‹๐Ÿปfingers!

For details on presenting the Teen Boards, read here "Working with Numerals and Beads (Teen-Board intro)." Also read here "Teen Board at 36 months - Montessori Math Lesson (This "Is" vs. "Says")." And for Holiday inspirations, read here "Christmas-Inspired ๐ŸŽ…๐Ÿป Teen Board - Montessori Math Lesson." 


DIY Numbers Memory Game ๐ŸŒˆ Color Extension (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson)

Today, we are playing a fun extension to the numbers memory game by incorporating colors into the number-memorization process. This activity is very simple DIY at home: no specialized Montessori material is required. 

DSC_0017What you will need:

  • a box with a lid or a drawstring bag filled with numerals (we are using different colors numbers from this activity),
  • a bowl with different color counters (we are using marbles),
  • an empty basket/bowl for a child to carry the counters from and to.

DSC_0017A child would place a bowl with counters in a different location. Once set up, have the child pick a number from A bag and say it out-loud. Then, leaving the numeral behind, the child while having to remember the numeral just picked, walks to where the bowl with counters is located and gets the exact amount of marbles to bring back. With this extension, a child needs to recall the numeral and the color while walking to and from the bowl with counters. 

Here, Adrian picked blue number eleven, so he had to go and bring back eleven blue marbles.
DSC_0024-2Once the child brings back the counters, count the quantity of marbles to see if what the child brought back matches to the numeral picked in the first place (control-of-error).

DSC_0026Numbers memory game is a fun way to boost memory, reinforce number recognition and quantity to numeral association. This game also provides a child an opportunity for movement!

To see the original Numbers Memory Game, read a post here

For more on math activities, see here a video-post "DIY ๐ŸกPop-Sticks, Clothespins & Dot Stickers ๐Ÿ”ด โž•๐Ÿ”ต Addition Activity (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson)."


DIY ๐ŸกPop-Sticks, Clothespins & Dot Stickers ๐Ÿ”ด โž•๐Ÿ”ต Addition Activity (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson)

This is a super easy DIY at home math addition activity for your child.

DSC_0013You will need: clothespins (we are using large wooden ones), pop-sticks, a marker & dot-stickers. 

DSC_0043First, I wrote a simple equation in a numerical format on a pop-stick. DSC_0043Control-of-error: a child flips that same pop-stick to confirm an answer by counting dot-stickers. 

DSC_0013I wrote six simple equations with matching answers on clothespins.

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All equations are faced up and the child chooses each equation to solve one by one and matches the correct answer written on a clothespin. (๐Ÿ’กTIP: I primed parts of pop-stick with a thin coat of clear nail-polish, so that the marker would not "run" when I write numbers on it.)

 Besides learning basic addition, while reinforcing number recognition, a child is also exercising fine-motor skills by having to match the clothespin with the correct answer to the corresponding pop-stick equation.

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For more on addition work, see a ๐ŸŽฅvideo-post here "Montessori Math Simple โž• Addition using Marble-Counters" which also has an intro to What is Montessori Math?

Also, see here a ๐ŸŽฅ video-post "โž•Addition Strip Board (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson), " and after solving the Addition Strip Board equation, Adrian wrote it down on his work-sheet - see the ๐ŸŽฅ video post here. For an extension to a Strip Board addition work, see here "โž•Addition Strip Board Making ๐Ÿ”Ÿโ€™s (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math ๐ŸŽฅ Lesson)."

For more on math, see here a post ๐ŸŽฅ video "Beginning โž– Subtraction ๐ŸŽฅ (Montessori ๐Ÿ”ข Math Lesson)."