Adrian 49 - 53 months Feed

🔢Math Simple ➕Addition and ➖Subtractions with LEGO

Recently, 👦🏼Adrian really got into LEGO building: he builds every day, and he would build the entire day (if I let him😉). So, we are LEGO ❤️️fanatics here! This Snow ❄️ Resort Kit (buy here) is actually the 1st LEGO Friends set 👦🏼Adrian built completely independently (without 👧🏻Julia's help and he loved the process!) Aside from allowing a child express creativity and ingenuity, there are so many things you can do with LEGO! 

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Once Adrian was finished, to add a twist to a traditional LEGO building, I wrote down some equations and asked Adrian to reproduce them with LEGO pieces.

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The  "worksheet" (download here) had several basic addition and subtraction equations on it. Adrian would have to build the equation on the board and solve it. 
DSC_0005-2For symbols, I used flat "bumpless" LEGO pieces and simply drew the sign on them with a Sharpie (permanent marker).
DSC_0005-2To provide a control of error, I made sure that each equation sing had the same color, adding a sensorial aspect to this activity. Also, Adrian can sensorily feel little bumps on the pieces while counting to self-correct, triggering tactile learning!

For our Math work: see here a 🎥 video- post "Beginning ➖ Subtraction (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥Lesson)." For Addition Math work, see here "Montessori Math Simple ➕ Addition using Marble-Counters" and here a 🎥 video-post "➕Addition Strip Board (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥 Lesson)." Also see here an extension to Montessori Strip Board: "➕Addition Strip Board Making 🔟’s (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥 Lesson)."

For Holiday posts, here  "🦃Thanksgiving 🌽Inspired DIY Simple ➖ Subtraction Math Lesson."

For more on LEGO, see:

  • here "Learning Fractions with LEGO"
  • here "Julia's Christmas Gift: LEGO Creator Expert Santa's Workshop"
  • here "LEGO Juniors Demolition Site Building Kit"
  • here "Dropper Writing Letter M with LEGO (Language 101 🎥 Series 🎇 Curriculum)"
  • here "LEGO - the Best Investment in a Toy"
  • here "Julia's 7th Birthday Gifts: LEGO Friends"

 Do your children like LEGO? Leave a comment! I love hearing from you!


🦃Thanksgiving 🌽Inspired DIY Simple ➖ Subtraction Math Lesson

This Thanksgiving Inspired DIY lesson on Subtraction uses materials you probably have at home. (Please note that this lesson should be presented to a child who already understands the concept of numerals at least till ten and the concept of addition; see the links below.)

DSC_0055There are different ways you can explain the mathematical operation of "subtraction" to a child -  the process of taking away/removing objects from a collection: a 🦃 hen/turkey ate the kernels (thus the difference is less by what the turkey ate) or a child can use fine and gross motor control to punch out holes/kernels we are subtracting or to cut the subtrahend kernels. 

  
DSC_0055 Hands-on subtracting (taking away 6) by hole-punching 6 kernels. 

DSC_0043  The 1st number (from which we are subtracting from) is called a minuend, while the number being subtracted (2nd number) is called the subtrahendThe result is called the difference.
DSC_0055Subtracting/taking away can also be presented by cutting, thus resulting with less of something.
DSC_0055Once the equation is solved, a child would choose the correct difference/result of the subtraction from number stickers.

See here a 🎥 video- post "Beginning ➖ Subtraction (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥Lesson)." For Addition Math work, see here "Montessori Math Simple ➕ Addition using Marble-Counters" and here a 🎥 video-post "➕Addition Strip Board (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥 Lesson)." Also see here an extension to Montessori Strip Board: "➕Addition Strip Board Making 🔟’s (Montessori 🔢 Math 🎥 Lesson)."

For more on themed unit studies, see here a summary post for the month of November "🦃Thanksgiving Inspired Homeschooling 101 Unit Study" and here a summary post with all activities we have done during the month of🍂September and🎃October in a post "🍂Fall & 🎃Halloween Inspired Homeschooling 101 Unit Study." Also here see what we did in 2016 "🦃Thanksgiving-inspired activities (2016). "


🍁Fall-Inspired Odd and Even (Numbers & Counters)

Montessori Odd and Even Math activity (also called Cards and Counters) concretely teaches a child what number is odd and what number is even, a concept which can otherwise seem very abstract to a child. 

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First, place numbers randomly on the rug and ask your child to set numbers one through ten horizontally at the top of the rug. (You want to make sure that your child knows numbers one through ten before introducing the concept of odd and even.) Then ask your child to place counters under each number, corresponding to that number's quantity. 

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You can use traditional Montessori Numerals and Counters material (buy here) or you can make it yourself: you would need numbers 1-10 and 55 counters (use marbles, wooden dots, holiday-inspired small objects, etc). We are using fall-inspired maple leaves instead of traditional red wooden counters.
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This presentation makes it very obvious for a child to see when a number has a counter without a pair/on its own: meaning that the number is odd. As opposed to, when all counter-leaves have a complete set of pairs - meaning that the number is even.   

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See here "❤️Odd & Even (Montessori 🔢 Math 101 🎥 Series 🎇)" a video-post where Adrian summarizes how to determine which number is odd and which one is even.

DSC_0142See here our Christmas Odd and Even lesson.

p.s. The Montessori math curriculum is generally introduced in the following order: (1) Number Rods (introduce at around two years of age), then (2) Sandpaper Numbers, (3) Spindle Box, (4) Numbers Memory Game, (5) followed by Odd and Even activity as shown above.


☮️PEACE Education• Have you Filled a Bucket Today? 📚 Book

One of the six main categories of Montessori Practical Life activities are social lessons on Grace and Courtesy which include developing social skills such as saying please and thank you, learning how to take turns and listen to others, proper table manners, how to interrupt someone, how to speak with an inside/outside voice, or how to turn the page of a book. The emphasis is always placed on the personal dignity of the child and the respect of individual rights. Dr. Maria Montessori strongly believed that a natural companion to Grace and Courtesy is Peace education, having great confidence that if we are able to raise peaceful children, they will, in turn, grow up to be respectful and peaceful adults. “Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future. ... Within the child, lies the fate of the future,” she said. 

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So, to promote ☮️ peace education, we love 📖 reading Have You Filled a Bucket Today? 📚book (buy here). While the book encourages positive behavior by alluding to an invisible bucket to show children how easy and rewarding it is to express kindness, appreciation, and love by "filling buckets," I had set up an area with a real bucket, scrap-paper, 🖊pencils, and ✂️scissors. 

DSC_0026After reading the book, my children naturally wanted to be "bucket fillers," and to become mindful of that, they would ✍🏻️write daily one thing that filled another's bucket (or their own). Filling one's invisible bucket can be a kind word, a smile, or a hug. Being caring and sharing, being patient and learning to wait a turn, helping each other in play or work also counts as "filling a bucket." There are so many ways to enrich someone's day! 

DSC_0028This had become a beautiful tradition to come to the bucket and retrospect about the day: "What have I done to make another's day brighter? Have I filled someone's bucket today?" These thoughts bring the child to the primary act itself, strengthening the connection between the deed (e.g. a hug) and the result (e.g. happy Mommy). 

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So, our bucket is filled with love notes, hearts, drawings, colorful bookmarks for Mommy and so forth. As such, our bucket helps us be mindful, considerate and compassionate. 

DSC_0028"Adrian filled my bucket by giving me a smile," Julia. 

Dr. Montessori described education, as a "help to life" which starts at birth, feeding a peaceful revolution and uniting all in a common aim, attracting them to a single center. She encouraged Mothers, fathers, and politicians to "combine in their respect and help for this delicate work of formation, which the little child carries on in the depth of a profound psychological mystery, under the tutelage of an inner guide. This is the bright new hope for mankind.” (The Absorbent Mind, p. 15).  So, when my children come to the bucket, they stop, think and reflect: about the day and what they did, mindful qualities which are the core of Montessori espoused Peace education. Thus, I hope that by building a peaceful core, it will prove to be a strong pivoting center for a peaceful adult. And our peaceful education needs not be elaborate: it can be as simple as reading a book and "filling one's bucket" with happy thoughts and happy deeds. 

For more about our ☮️PEACE Education, read here "🕉Mindfulness with Children" and how to introduce it. 


🌻Fall Harvest Inspired 🍡Popsicles 🌾Scarecrow DIY Craft

Crafts are an amazing activity to bring the family together and express creativity. Hands-on crafts also promote the development of muscles in the hands and fingers, improving fine motor skills which are essential in early formative years. Moreover, crafting encourages critical visual-processing skills such as pattern recognition, detecting of spatial rotation and sequences. Lastly, problem-solving skills are developed as a child often has to determine the steps needed to bring the desired craft-project to life. Holiday crafts are especially fun since they bring the sense of excitement while children enjoy using themed materials. Today, we are making a friendly Harvest Inspired Popsicles Scarecrow. 

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What you will need:

  • ♻️ recycled 🍡 popsicle sticks,
  • orange paint (we are using this one),
  • 👀 googly eyes,
  • pom-poms,
  • red pipe-cleaner for the mouth,
  • hay,
  • a glue gun.

DSC_0295Secure the popsicles by gluing two horizontal popsicle sticks to the back.
DSC_0295Flip the craft over, and glue one stick on the angle to define a hat & paint it orange.
DSC_0295Using a glue gun, secure eyes, nose, and a mouth. 
DSC_0295Using a black sharpy, draw stitches.
DSC_0295Adrian suggested gluing one stick to the back to make the scarecrow stand up like a picture frame. 

Our friendly scarecrow is ready! Happy Fall everyone and Happy Harvest!

Please see here a summary roundup of all our activities we have done during the month of 🍂September and 🎃October: over 20 of them arranged by the area of study in a summary 📃post " 🍂Fall & 🎃Halloween Inspired Homeschooling 101 Unit Study."