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April 2018

May 2018

North America Unit Study • ⛵️Pilgrims & 🏹American Indians

While up until now, we have been studying 🌍geography in general, from 🌌solar system to our 🌎Earth, to the world's continent, 🌊oceans, and biome, now, we will begin to focus on one continent per month to be able to explore 🙌🏻hands-on its maps, ecosystem, native animals, people and their customs. 

This month we are focusing on North America. 

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Materials and books we are using:

DSC_0014This lesson is more an introductory history lesson on how pilgrims have moved on and began the widespread of Europeans throughout the North American Continent. 

Materials and books we are using (left to right):

  • Pilgrims of Plymouth book is a National Geographic book that will explain to a young reader what was it like to be a pilgrim child in 17th-century Massachusetts. For example, you will learn that pilgrim children didn't go to school. Instead, they helped their parents with chores and played games such as marbles. There were no convenient grocery stores either. Pilgrims had to hunt and gather food, then cook their meals on an open fire or in an outdoor oven.
  • The Very First Americans book (bottom-left with a picture of a Tepee) is a great resource to show a young reader that long before Columbus landed in America, hundreds of groups of people ~ known as the very first Americans had already made their homes here. The Sioux, Hopi, and Seminole. Where did they live? What did they eat? How did they have fun? And where are they today?
  • Maps book is amazing!  This big book of maps is a visual feast for readers of all ages, with lavishly drawn illustrations from the incomparable Mizielinskis. It features not only borders, cities, rivers, and peaks, but also places of historical and cultural interest, eminent personalities, iconic animals and plants, cultural events, and many more fascinating facts associated with every region of our planet. The book also comes with a companion  Maps Activity Book bursting with fascinating facts and puzzles from around the world. Informative and inspiring, the myriad activities in this book challenge the reader to discover something new and explore their imagination to draw, decorate and design on every pull-out page.
  • The Story of the Pilgrims (bottom-right) books tells a story of the dangerous voyage across the Atlantic, to the first harsh winter, to the delicious Thanksgiving feast. All the excitement and wonder of the Pilgrims’ first year in America is captured in this vivid retelling that is perfect for the youngest historians.
  • Mayflower 1620: A New Look at a Pilgrim Voyage (top right) ~ Plimoth Plantation and the National Geographic Society come together to tell the true story behind the legendary voyage of the Mayflower with vibrant photography of a rare reenactment using the Mayflower II.

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We talked about how originally, long before any humans lived in North America, animals had moved to the North American continent from Asia, and hunters had followed. So, I set yellow marbles representing a land passage then existing. We are using a Montessori World Map puzzle and these figurines.

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Pilgrims of Plymouth book explains through vivid photographs how Indians showed Pilgrims the best places to fish. Indians also taught Pilgrims how to grow corn and the trick they use to assure better crop by placing fish in the soil where the corn is to be planted. 

DSC_0019We are using air dry clay to make corn. This very soft smooth clay does not stick to your hands and is super stretchy. When it dries, it hardens and the clay stays lightweight. This is the most amazing clay we have played with so far.

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 We also talked about American Bisons and how important they were for American Indians. Bison, which are also known as buffalos, are extremely strong, compact wild cattle from North America. (Reading Maps book.)

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I only share the books and materials we absolutely love, so I hope you will find some of our materials useful. Stay tuned for more on North America study. 

I would love to hear what you think ... And, please, spread the 💖 love & SHARE our journey! CLICK one of those buttons 👇🏻below! 📍SAVE, 💌SUBSCRIBE & 📲FOLLOW

💐Mothers Day 🎁Flowers ✂️DIY 🌼Daffodil Bouquet Tissue Paper Craft

This DIY Daffodils tissue paper💐bouquet can be a perfect Mother's Day gift! All you need to make these awesome 🌼flowers is tissue paper and pipe cleaners. 

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To make this craft, we are referring to a Tissue Paper Flowers Craft book (buy here), which features incredibly simple-to-make tissue paper flowers that look good enough to fool the bees.

DSC_0182-2The book has clear and easy to follow instructions, and it comes with 75 sheets of brilliantly colored tissue paper and variety of green pipe cleaners for stems.

DSC_0188How to make this Daffodile bouquet Craft: ✂️🔸📌poke 🔸slide 🔸

  • layer paper at least four-fold and cut out a shape as shown in the book above,
  • poke one end of a pipe cleaner and slide the cut-out papers,
  • roll a bead the other end of the pipe cleaner and make a knot to  resemble a"male" or pollen-bearing part called the stamen,
  • slide all the papers towards the nub and slightly scrunch.

DSC_0188The book offers various ways you can make your Daffodils.

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Use color-combinations and shades of yellow, and some white to have your Daffoldiels look as real as possible. 

DSC_0185I personally do not like fresh cut-flowers (the entire demise process in front of my eyes is kind of depressing). I prefer orchids in a pot, but these Daffodils made by little hands with love would brighten my days for many more years to come!

DSC_0020-001 We do like going on nature walks and enjoy all the glory Spring has for us.

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You can always cut a bunch of Daffodils as a Mother's Day gift, but harvesting hand-made Daffodil flowers that will defy nature's cycle makes them even a better gift!  

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Daffodils And Men ~ Poem by David Taylor

Daffodils dance upon the breeze with such sweet scented ease, 
as men walk past with minded cares not seeing dancing everywhere.
They walk, but do not know how to dance as the daffodils they bend and bow, 
they dance to life with no furrowed brows and need no one to tell them how. 

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This flower craft is very similar to the one 🌻 below, which Adrian made when he was 3 yo ~ same process ~ ✂️🔸📌poke 🔸slide 🔸🌼crunch!  

See details and links to materials and books we used here  in a post "   🎨Van Gogh Inspired 12 🌻Sunflowers Tissue Paper ♻️ Cardboard Roll Paper Mache ✂️Craft."

DSC_0159This purple 💐bouquet of flowers Adrian made using the same technique as in Van Gogh Inspired 12 🌻Sunflowers craft.  Again: all you need is tissue paper, pipe cleaners and a sprinkle of creativity! We also knotted a bead in the middle of the flower to resemble a"male" or pollen-bearing part called the stamen.

 DSC_0097Another gorgeous 💐bouquet we made! See here 🖌Markers ☕Coffee Filters 🌈Rainbow Walking 💦Water ⌛️Timelapse Kids ⚗️Science Capillary Action.

 DSC_0049-3See here ♻️Recycled ✂️DIY 🌸Spring Flower Craft. 

DSC_0521For more Spring Inspired activities, see here 🌸Spring Inspired Themed Unit Study.

I hope you enjoyed our Mother's Day inspired themed unit. Please, leave a comment, which craft was your favorite! And, do share ~ sharing means caring!

I would love to hear what you think ... And, please, spread the 💖 love & SHARE our journey! CLICK one of those buttons 👇🏻below! 📍SAVE, 💌SUBSCRIBE & 📲FOLLOW

DIY ☀️Solar 🌎System Craft From ❌♨️No-Cook Natural 🏡Homemade Play Dough 

As a tribute to National 🚀Space Day, which is held annually on the first Friday in May, we are making a DIY Solar System craft from homemade no-cook natural play dough.

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 To explore our solar system and the planets, we read National Geographic Kids First Big Book of Space which is kids' absolute favorite Space book with colorful illustrations and simple text, explaining basic concepts of the universe as well as its wonders!
DSC_0122First, to resemble Space, Adrian made black play dough. ( See the recipe and details on how to make this natural play dough here ~in a post "No-Cook Homemade 🌈 Play Dough Recipe.")
DSC_0122Next, apply glue to a large cardboard piece and spread the black playdough over it.
DSC_0122Leave empty the space for the sun as it will be easier to glue the Sun to the cardboard rather than over the play dough. 
DSC_0122To resemble our universe and the sparkling twinkling stars, galaxies, and supernovas, we are adding glitter to our black play dough.

DSC_0134 We are using this iridescent and this chunky-holographic glitter.
DSC_0134Did you know that stars come in different colors and sizes? From blue to orange to red!

DSC_0134Making the Sun from our natural no-cook play dough. 
DSC_0134Yellow glitter adds shine and sparkle to our yellow Star.

DSC_0134Next, trace planets on a cardboard. We are using this book for size-reference.

DSC_0134Glue the Sun to the part of cardboard that has no play dough. 

 Earth Play DoughMake each planet (by spreading the play dough over the cutout cardboard piece) according to planet's characteristics, such as size, color, surface.

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Finally, arrange the planets in order: 1) Mercury, 2) Venus, 3) Earth, 4) Mars, 5) Jupiter, 6) Saturn, 7) Uranius, 8) Neptune. Discuss the four terrestrial planets, separated by the asteroid belt from the four gas giants. Bring child's attention to any distinguishable planetary detail: such as The Great Red Spot on Jupiter (a huge storm raging on for hundreds of years) or Neptune's The Great Dark Spot (a huge spinning storm in the southern atmosphere of Neptune which was about the size of the entire Earth). 

DSC_0160You can also discuss the solar flares and winds and how the Earth's magnetic field interacts with the solar wind and acts as a shield to protect Earth from damaging solar particles.  See a video from NOVA’s Sun Lab here

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We also watched an amazing series NOVA - Origins which presented some startling new answers to questions such as "Has the universe always existed? How did it become a place that could harbor life? Are we alone, or are there alien worlds waiting to be discovered?" Both, Julia ( 8 yo)  and Adrian (4 yo) were absolutely intrigued and engulfed in this miniseries ~an absolute must-have DVD for any inquisitive child (or an adult)!

Please, see our entire Space and Universe round up here ~ in a post "🌌Cosmos 🚀Space ☄️Universe Inspired Themed Unit Study."

I would love to hear what you think ... And, please, spread the 💖 love & SHARE our journey! CLICK one of those buttons 👇🏻below! 📍SAVE, 💌SUBSCRIBE & 📲FOLLOW

DIY 🌘Moon Craft • Baking Soda Acid-Base ⚗️Science Experiment

As a tribute to National 🚀Space Day, which is held annually on the first Friday in May, we are making a DIY Moon craft, but first, we learn about it. The Moon is about 4.5 billion years old. There are three theories as to how our planet's satellite could have been created: the giant impact hypothesis, the co-formation theory, and the capture theory. The prevailing theory, the giant impact hypothesis suggests that the moon formed when an object, known as Theia, the Mars-sized body, collided with Earth, throwing vaporized chunks of the young planet's crust into space. Gravity bound the ejected particles together, creating a moon that is the largest in the solar system in relation to its host planet. This sort of formation would explain why the moon is made up predominantly of lighter elements, making it less dense than Earth — the material that formed it came from the crust while leaving the planet's rocky core untouched. Read more interesting facts about the Moon here

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This DIY Moon craft is a fun project to express creativity while learning about the Moon and conducting a science acid-base reaction experiment. Detailed instructions are below.

DSC_0046Trace a circle on a cardboard. 

DSC_0046Cut out the circle and set aside (you won't be needing it for this DIY).

DSC_0070Take another cardboard piece and trace another circle on it and pour glue in the middle.

DSC_0070Pour baking soda on top of the glue.

DSC_0070Now, invite your child to put on a scientist cap on and perform an acid-base reaction experiment by squirting vinegar over the baking soda. 

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We have done a few acid-base reaction experiments, and children never seize to be amazed by the bubbles and the fizz.

DSC_0070Next, we added few drops of diluted black coloring to give the Moon its grayish look.

DSC_0070Finishing off the moon with glitter. 

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Now, going back to the cardboard where the circle was cut out, paint it with blue and purple color (we are using these washable finger paints). And, to exercise those fine motor skills, offer the child to paint with a pom pom while holding the pom pom with a peg.

DSC_0070 We ended up with a dark ~ galaxy like-color.

DSC_0070Add glitter to the paint while it is still wet.

DSC_0070More glitter! This time holographic chunky glitter. 

DSC_0110Now, have your cardboard pieces ready as you will be gluing one on top of the other. 

DSC_0110   Use a glue-gun to adhere the two cardboard pieces together. 

DSC_0110 Let it dry, and your Moon craft can be framed to decorate a wall in your child's room.  

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I hope this Moon DIY will spark questions such as "Why do we only see one part of the Moon?" or "Why there are craters on the Moon?" and so forth.

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Find out Space inspired books and materials we are using here ~ in a 🌌Cosmos 🚀Space ☄️Universe Inspired Themed Unit Study. For more Moon DIY, see below:

IMG_9737 See here 🌑Lunar Craters No-Cook 🏡Homemade Play Dough 🌙Sensory Bin.

 

For more acid-base reactions and the science behind this experiment, see posts below:

  IMG_6567See here a video of "🌋 Erupting Volcano Science Experiment" 🔬 💡⚖️ 101 🎥 Series 🎇.

 

DSC_0041 Also, see here a video"🎨Painting with 🌈Colored Vinegar on Baking Soda Experiment."

 

DSC_0015Fianlly, see here a video-post "Magic🎈Balloon (Baking Soda and Vinegar Reaction)."

I hope you enjoyed our DIYs and science crafts. Please, leave a comment which one did you like better!

I would love to hear what you think ... And, please, spread the 💖 love & SHARE our journey! CLICK one of those buttons 👇🏻below! 📍SAVE, 💌SUBSCRIBE & 📲FOLLOW

DIY 🌌Galaxy Baking Soda Borax-Free 🏡Home-made ❌Non ♨️Toxic Slime • Kids 🙌🏻 Sensorial ⚗️Science Experiment

Inspired by the approaching 🚀National Space Day, which is observed annually on the first Friday in May, we are making galaxy slime. Trust me, your kiddo will love this no-mess sensory glittery stretchy goo, and so will you!  This DIY version of slime can be easily made at home with materials you probably have handy. And, we are making a non-toxic version of the slime, so no borax is needed!

DSC_0030First, we research how does the galaxy appear from space. Did you know that stars come in different sizes and colors? Blue stars are the hottest and red are the coolest. And, in between, you have yellow stars (our Sun), orange and white. So, although to us, the stars look like twinkling white diamonds, the galaxy is actually sparkling with a rainbow of colors! For our reference in creating our galaxy slime, we are reading the National Geographic Kids First Big Book of Space (buy here) which is our absolute favorite Space book! 

DSC_0067What you will need for this super easy home-made 🌌Galaxy slime:

  • 1/2 cup of liquid clear glue (buy in bulk here) or use this purple washable glue,
  • 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda which helps firm up slime,
  • food coloring (add more of blue and purple if you are using a clear glue) and glitter,
  • *[last step] add 1 squirt of saline contact solution ~ please, do not add too much as the slime will not be stretchy! You can always add another squirt of the solution, but start with just one ~ for a 1/2 cup of glue, it is generally enough! 
  • Note: we do not add water! Contact solution is enough! And, add your contact solution last (after you have added all your glitter and food coloring) since once the chemical reaction of bonding and changing the composition begins, it will be difficult to mix the ingredients!)

DSC_0067Slime is made when the activator ~ contact solution mixes with the polymer chains in the glue, creating strong but flexible bonds between the molecules. 

DSC_0067What is the ⚗️ science behind the slime?  Baking soda makes slime firm and the saline solution is the slime's activator which helps slime get its rubbery texture. Please note, that some recipes use Borax (white, powdery, naturally occurring mineral often called sodium borate), which also has boric acid but we avoid using Borax since it is toxic; and we use contact solution instead. Please note that Borax and boric acid are not the same, although they are from the same boron family. Contact solution, on the other hand, has both boric acid and sodium borate (all members of the boron family) which are the best slime activators, helping to form the stretchy slime your kids love so much!

DSC_0067The slime forms when the mixture of boric acid and sodium borate ~ cross-linking agents both present in the saline solution ~ begin to bond. These two "magical' ingredients create your awesome slime! The last step is to mix your slime with the fork and then knead with your hands. The slime is ready once it starts to pull away from the sides of the mixing bowl.

DSC_0067And, of course, Adrian had to make blue SKY slime, as blue is currently his favorite color. 

DSC_0067The ⚗️mystery of glue: glue is a polymer made up of long, repeating identical strands of molecules. These molecules generally freely flow past one another keeping the glue in a liquid form. However, when you add the borate ions to your slime mixture, they begin to connect these long polymer glue strands together, tangling and mixing until the substance is thicker and rubberier like slime and less like the liquid glue you have started with.

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This simple slime recipe is an ultimate guide on how to make galaxy slime at home with just a few non-toxic ingredients! And, the best part, this slime is re-usable! Just store it in an air-tight container (like those recycled jam jars) and use it over and over again! We are still using slime that we made six months ago! 

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I hope this glittery, sparkly, stretchy slime will keep your child stimulated and entertained for hours! Enjoy this sensory fun and don't forget to let your kiddo have a turn (you might get carried away playing with it yourself!)

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We also made slime during Christmas holidays, see here ~ 🎅🏻 Santa ❤️ Red Slime DIY Jar (Science 🔬⚗️⚖️ 101 🎥Series 🎇).

For more 🚀SPACE inspired activities and materials, see here our 🌌COSMOS Unit Study.

I would love to hear what you think ... And, please, spread the 💖 love & SHARE our journey! CLICK one of those buttons 👇🏻below! 📍SAVE, 💌SUBSCRIBE & 📲FOLLOW